It is: C'est

Bonjour! Today: a lesson for beginners!

C'est le petit prince!

To listen to this lesson, click on this player:
 SDPCEst by sandrinedeparis

Today's focus:
c'est (It is / This is)
Basic questions = What's this? Who is this? How is it?
+ some useful basic vocabulary

How do you translate "It is" or "It's" in French?
Very often, it's "C'est".
- However, it can also be "Il est" or "Elle est", which literally mean "he is" and "she is", because, if you remember: in French, things have a gender!

"C'est" (pronounced "say") is in fact 2 words "ce" (it) and "est" (is). "Ce" drops the "e" and becomes c' in front of a vowel.

>>> The negative of "c'est" is: "ce n'est pas" (it's not)

Today, we are going to play with "c'est" (and "ce n'est pas").
We are going to answer questions...

3 questions:
Qu'est-ce que c'est? (kess-kuh-seh) What's this? What is it? (Literally: "what is it that it is?")
Qui c'est? (Kee-seh) Who is it? Who is this? (when pointing to someone, answering the door bell or the phone)
Comment c'est? (Koh-mã-seh) How is it? How is this?

un (m.) / une (f.) a, an (article)
une table ("tah-bl") a table
un chat ("shah") a cat
un train a train
le TGV the French High Speed Train
un voyage a trip
un magazine ("mah-gah-zeen") a magazine
un livre a book (think of the word "library")
un touriste (m.) / une touriste (f.) a tourist
une maison a house
l'hiver winter
froid (m.) / froide (f.) cold
chaud (m.) / chaude (f.) warm, hot
bleu (m.) bleue (f.) ("bluh") blue
rapide fast (adjective)
beau ("boh") beautiful, good-looking
bon (m.) /  bonne (f.) good
délicieux ("deh- lee- see-uh") (m.) / delicieuse ("deh- lee- see-uzz")(f.)  delicious
cher (m.) / chère (f.) (pronounced like the name of the singer, Cher) expensive, dear
mais ("meh") but
et ("eh") and

L'exercice: answer the questions.
You can listen to the questions and answers
-either after you complete the exercise
-or while doing the exercise
SDPCEstExo by sandrinedeparis
I Qu'est-ce que c'est ? (what is it?)

1- Qu'est-ce que c'est ?

photo by ©Natascha Unkart

2 - Qu'est-ce que c'est ?

photo by ©Natascha Unkart

3 - Qu'est-ce que c'est ?

4 - Qu'est-ce que c'est ?

photo © Larazoni

5 - Qu'est-ce que c'est ?

photo ©Lydia Daniller

II Qui c'est ? (Who is it?)

1 - Qui c'est ?

de Marcel Duchamp!

2 - Qui c'est ?

à Paris.

photo ©Sandrine de Paris
3 - Qui c'est ?

4 - Qui c'est ?
(un Américain à Paris!)

5 - Qui c'est ?

III Comment c'est? (How is it?)

1 - Comment c'est ?
Paris, l'hiver,

photo ©Sandrine de Paris

2 - Comment c'est ?
Un voyage en TGV,

3 - Comment c'est ?
La soupe,

photo ©Sandrine de Paris

4 - Comment c'est ?

c'est délicieux!

photo ©Sandrine de Paris

5 - Comment c'est ?
Le Champagne,

Please click here to go to the results page.

Many thanks to photographers Natascha Unkart, Lydia Daniller and Larazoni for letting me use their beautiful images. Please check out their work!

Voilà! A bientôt!


  1. Formidable!! Thank you so much! This method of teaching is such a wonderful surprise.



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